Gingivitis is a gum disease that is clinically presented as red swollen gums or receding gums. There are many causes that can lead to gingivitis, such as poor oral hygiene, side effects from certain medications, and smoking. Gingivitis is treatable and the clinical condition can usually be reversed when appropriate measure is taken.
Periodontitis is a gum disease that is usually present when the teeth appear loose. Since there is a loss of bone volume and bone quantity surrounding teeth roots, teeth become loose. Prolonged untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis. Other factors, such as medications and genetic predisposition, may also lead to periodontitis.
You should consider visit your periodontist if you have one or more of the following: Red and swollen gums Bleeding gums upon brushing or eating Receding gums (teeth appear longer than before) Loose teeth or teeth are drifting apart Pus discharges from gums or between gums and teeth Mouth sores Persistent bad breaths Change of bite (teeth are not fitted together as they used to be) Loose dentures